Elm Deutsch Übersetzungen und Beispiele
Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "elm tree" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für elm im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'elm' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. smokycharly.site | Übersetzungen für 'elm trees' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Elm im Online-Wörterbuch smokycharly.site (Deutschwörterbuch).
Übersetzung im Kontext von „elm“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: slippery elm. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'elm' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung für 'elm' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Annual Review of Phytopathology Vol. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Arkansas Sherwood Eishockey of Agriculture. Murray, London. In northern Europe elms were, moreover, among the few trees tolerant of saline deposits from sea spray, which can cause "salt-burning" and die-back. In the United States, English elm was found to be one of the most preferred elms for feeding by the Japanese beetle Popillia japonica. Elm tree in Vermont June Oxford Clarendon Press. Bier Video wallichiana Ulmaceae.
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Elm Deutsch VideoThe Elaboration Likelihood Model Explained Meine Wortlisten. Beste Spielothek in NeukГ¶nigsfГ¶rde finden feedback will be reviewed. Mein Suchverlauf Meine Favoriten. Brauchen Sie einen Übersetzer? Latein Wörterbücher. Klicken Sie auf die Pfeile, um die Übersetzungsrichtung zu ändern. Relics of a pine-wood remain in the immediate, surroundings of the shelter. Im Süden sind die Raupen besonders häufig an Zürgelbaum Celtis anzutreffen. Registrieren Einloggen. The caterpillars are quite common for example along shady woodland trails Preisgeld Us Open 2020 the lower leaf surface of older nettles or elms at the end of August. Aside from references literal and metaphorical to the elm and vine theme, the tree occurs in Latin literature in the Elm of Dreams in the Aeneid. Ulmus alba Raf. The Argus. New York City Trees. Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, Retrieved April 29, Archived The Forest Trainer 2020 the original PDF Fifa 18 Ptg November 29, Batsford Ltd. Several rows of American elm trees that the National Park Service first planted during the s line much of the 1. InMariam B.
Elm Deutsch Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)Sich jetzt anmelden. Auch die Eibe ist schon vorhanden, denn sie ist sehr stark unter den Holzkohlen vertreten. Ulme in Www.Dmax.De Spiele drei Monaten zu töten. Range of elm Simsalabim Magic Spring Festival showing material Beste Spielothek in Jeuss finden all four seasons. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Wörterbücher durchsuchen. Im Süden sind die Raupen besonders häufig an Zürgelbaum Celtis anzutreffen.
From the 18th century to the early 20th century, elms, whether species, hybrids or cultivars , were among the most widely planted ornamental trees in both Europe and North America.
They were particularly popular as a street tree in avenue plantings in towns and cities, creating high-tunnelled effects.
Their quick growth and variety of foliage and forms,  their tolerance of air-pollution and the comparatively rapid decomposition of their leaf-litter in the fall were further advantages.
In North America, the species most commonly planted was the American elm Ulmus americana , which had unique properties that made it ideal for such use: rapid growth, adaptation to a broad range of climates and soils, strong wood, resistance to wind damage, and vase-like growth habit requiring minimal pruning.
In Europe, the wych elm Ulmus glabra and the field elm Ulmus minor were the most widely planted in the countryside, the former in northern areas including Scandinavia and northern Britain , the latter further south.
The hybrid between these two, Dutch elm U. In much of England, it was the English elm which later came to dominate the horticultural landscape.
Most commonly planted in hedgerows, it sometimes occurred in densities of over per square kilometre. In south-eastern Australia and New Zealand, large numbers of English and Dutch elms, as well as other species and cultivars, were planted as ornamentals following their introduction in the 19th century, while in northern Japan Japanese Elm Ulmus davidiana var.
From about to , the most prized small ornamental elm in parks and gardens was the Camperdown elm Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii' , a contorted weeping cultivar of the Wych Elm grafted on to a non-weeping elm trunk to give a wide, spreading and weeping fountain shape in large garden spaces.
In northern Europe elms were, moreover, among the few trees tolerant of saline deposits from sea spray, which can cause "salt-burning" and die-back.
This tolerance made elms reliable both as shelterbelt trees exposed to sea wind, in particular along the coastlines of southern and western Britain   and in the Low Countries, and as trees for coastal towns and cities.
The devastation caused by the Second World War , and the demise in of the huge Späth nursery in Berlin , only accelerated the process.
The outbreak of the new, three times more virulent, strain of Dutch elm disease Ophiostoma novo-ulmi in the late s brought the tree to its nadir.
Since circa the elm has enjoyed a renaissance through the successful development in North America and Europe of cultivars highly resistant to DED.
Some of the latter, however, were by today's standards inadequately described or illustrated before the pandemic, and it is possible that a number survive, or have regenerated, unrecognised.
Enthusiasm for the newer clones often remains low owing to the poor performance of earlier, supposedly disease-resistant Dutch trees released in the s and s.
In the Netherlands, sales of elm cultivars slumped from over 56, in to just 6, in ,  whilst in the UK , only four of the new American and European releases were commercially available in New York City 's Central Park is home to approximately 1, American elm trees, which constitute over half of all trees in the park.
The oldest of these elms were planted during the s by Frederick Law Olmsted , making them among the oldest stands of American elms in the world. The trees are particularly noteworthy along the Mall and Literary Walk, where four lines of American elms stretch over the walkway forming a cathedral-like covering.
A part of New York City's urban ecology , the elms improve air and water quality, reduce erosion and flooding, and decrease air temperatures during warm days.
While the stand is still vulnerable to DED, in the s the Central Park Conservancy undertook aggressive countermeasures such as heavy pruning and removal of extensively diseased trees.
These efforts have largely been successful in saving the majority of the trees, although several are still lost each year. DED first appeared on the trees during the s and reached a peak in the s.
The NPS used a number of methods to control the epidemic , including sanitation , pruning , injecting trees with fungicide and replanting with DED-resistant cultivars.
The NPS combated the disease's local insect vector , the smaller European elm bark beetle Scolytus multistriatus , by trapping and by spraying with insecticides.
As a result, the population of American elms planted on the Mall and its surrounding areas has remained intact for more than 80 years.
Elm wood is valued for its interlocking grain, and consequent resistance to splitting, with significant uses in wagon wheel hubs, chair seats and coffins.
The bodies of Japanese Taiko drums are often cut from the wood of old elm trees, as the wood's resistance to splitting is highly desired for nailing the skins to them, and a set of three or more is often cut from the same tree.
The elm's wood bends well and distorts easily making it quite pliant. The often long, straight, trunks were favoured as a source of timber for keels in ship construction.
Elm is also prized by bowyers ; of the ancient bows found in Europe, a large portion are elm. During the Middle Ages elm was also used to make longbows if yew was unavailable.
The first written references to elm occur in the Linear B lists of military equipment at Knossos in the Mycenaean Period. Elm wood is also resistant to decay when permanently wet, and hollowed trunks were widely used as water pipes during the medieval period in Europe.
Elm was also used as piers in the construction of the original London Bridge. However this resistance to decay in water does not extend to ground contact.
The Romans, and more recently the Italians, used to plant elms in vineyards as supports for vines. Lopped at three metres, the elms' quick growth, twiggy lateral branches, light shade and root-suckering made them ideal trees for this purpose.
The lopped branches were used for fodder and firewood. The mucilaginous inner bark of the Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra has long been used as a demulcent , and is still produced commercially for this purpose in the United States with approval for sale as a nutritional supplement by the U.
Food and Drug Administration. Elms also have a long history of cultivation for fodder , with the leafy branches cut to feed livestock.
The practice continues today in the Himalaya , where it contributes to serious deforestation. As fossil fuel resources diminish, increasing attention is being paid to trees as sources of energy.
Elm bark , cut into strips and boiled, sustained much of the rural population of Norway during the great famine of Elm has been listed as one of the 38 substances that are used to prepare Bach flower remedies ,  a kind of alternative medicine.
Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia is a popular choice for bonsai owing to its tolerance of severe pruning. In , a European Union elm project was initiated, its aim to coordinate the conservation of all the elm genetic resources of the member states and, among other things, to assess their resistance to Dutch elm disease.
Accordingly, over clones were selected and propagated for testing. Many elm Ulmus trees of various kinds have attained great size or otherwise become particularly noteworthy.
Many artists have admired elms for the ease and grace of their branching and foliage, and have painted them with sensitivity. The first reference in literature to elms occurs in the Iliad.
These elms grew to be the tallest in the known world; but when their topmost branches saw far off the ruins of Troy, they immediately withered, so great still was the bitterness of the hero buried below, who had been loved by Laodamia and slain by Hector.
Elms occur often in pastoral poetry , where they symbolise the idyllic life, their shade being mentioned as a place of special coolness and peace.
Aside from references literal and metaphorical to the elm and vine theme, the tree occurs in Latin literature in the Elm of Dreams in the Aeneid.
Virgil refers to a Roman superstition vulgo that elms were trees of ill-omen because their fruit seemed to be of no value.
Many references to elm in European literature from the Renaissance onwards fit into one or other of these categories. There are two examples of pteleogenesis :birth from elms in world myths.
In Germanic and Scandinavian mythology the first woman, Embla , was fashioned from an elm,  while in Japanese mythology Kamuy Fuchi , the chief goddess of the Ainu people , "was born from an elm impregnated by the Possessor of the Heavens".
The elm occurs frequently in English literature, one of the best known instances being in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream , where Titania, Queen of the Fairies, addresses her beloved Nick Bottom using an elm-simile.
Here, as often in the elm-and-vine motif, the elm is a masculine symbol:. Another of the most famous kisses in English literature, that of Paul and Helen at the start of Forster's Howards End , is stolen beneath a great wych elm.
The elm tree is also referenced in children's literature. An Elm Tree and Three Sisters by Norma Sommerdorf is a children's book about three young sisters that plant a small elm tree in their backyard.
The cutting of the elm was a diplomatic altercation between the Kings of France and England in , during which an elm tree near Gisors in Normandy was felled.
In politics the elm is associated with revolutions. In England after the Glorious Revolution of , the final victory of parliamentarians over monarchists, and the arrival from Holland, with William III and Mary II , of the 'Dutch Elm' hybrid, planting of this cultivar became a fashion among enthusiasts of the new political order.
In the American Revolution 'The Liberty Tree ' was an American white elm in Boston , Massachusetts, in front of which, from , the first resistance meetings were held against British attempts to tax the American colonists without democratic representation.
When the British, knowing that the tree was a symbol of rebellion, felled it in , the Americans took to widespread 'Liberty Elm' planting, and sewed elm symbols on to their revolutionary flags.
In a chance event linking elms and revolution, on the morning of his execution 30 January , walking to the scaffold at the Palace of Whitehall , King Charles I turned to his guards and pointed out, with evident emotion, an elm near the entrance to Spring Gardens that had been planted by his brother in happier days.
The tree was said to be still standing in the s. Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, President George W. The name of what is now the London neighborhood of Seven Sisters is derived from seven elms which stood there at the time when it was a rural area, planted a circle with a walnut tree at their centre, and traceable on maps back to Elm propagation methods vary according to elm type and location, and the plantsman's needs.
Native species may be propagated by seed. Optimal conditions occur after a late warm spring. They are planted in sandy potting-soil at a depth of one centimetre, and germinate in three weeks.
Slow-germinating American Elm will remain dormant until the second season. In unfavourable seasons elm seeds are usually sterile.
Elms outside their natural range, such as Ulmus procera in England, and elms unable to pollinate because pollen-sources are genetically identical, are sterile and are propagated by vegetative reproduction.
Vegetative reproduction is also used to produce genetically identical elms clones. Methods include the winter transplanting of root-suckers ; taking hardwood cuttings from vigorous one-year-old shoots in late winter,  taking root-cuttings in early spring; taking softwood cuttings in early summer;  grafting ; ground and air layering ; and micropropagation.
A bottom heat of 18 degrees  and humid conditions are maintained for hard- and softwood cuttings. The transplanting of root-suckers remains the easiest and commonest propagation-method for European field elm and its hybrids.
For 'specimen' urban elms, grafting to wych-elm root-stock may be used to eliminate suckering or to ensure stronger root-growth.
Since the Siberian Elm is drought-tolerant, in dry countries new varieties of elm are often root-grafted on this species.
Rock elm Ulmus thomasii germinating. Root-suckers spreading from field elm Ulmus minor. Air layering of U. White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album , on Lutece , Sweden.
The larvae feed only on elm. Elm-leaf beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola , which causes serious damage to elm foliage. Bacterial infection Erwinia carotovora of elm sap, which causes ' slime flux ' 'wetwood' and staining of the trunk here on a Camperdown Elm.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Elms. For the racing series, see European Le Mans Series.
For other uses, see Elm disambiguation. Genus of flowering, deciduous tree in the family Ulmaceae. Main articles: List of elm species ; List of elm cultivars, hybrids and hybrid cultivars ; and List of elm synonyms and accepted names.
Main article: List of elm diseases. Main article: Dutch elm disease. See also: List of elm cultivars, hybrids and hybrid cultivars.
Main article: Lists of elm trees. Aerial roots , hybrid elm cultivar. Cambridge University Press. Ulmaceae, in Wu, Z. Louis, US. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses.
Trees and shrubs hardy in Great Britain , 7th edition. Some American Trees: An intimate study of native Ohio trees.
New York: The Macmillan Company. KNNV, Uitgeverij. London: B. Batsford Ltd. What have we learned from years of Dutch Elm Disease?
Quarterly Journal of Forestry. October , Vol. Royal Forestry Society, UK. Ophiostoma himal-ulmi sp. Mycological Research , vol. Elsevier, Oxford, UK.
New horizons in Dutch elm disease control. Forestry Commission. Encyclopedia Americana. New International Encyclopedia 1st ed.
New York: Dodd, Mead. November Revised by J. Arboriculture Research Note. Archived PDF from the original on 26 October Retrieved 26 October Little-known elms from China: landscape tree possibilities.
Sustainable urban landscapes: Dutch elm disease and disease-resistant elms. Mariam B. New York: Springer-Verlag. Retrieved 22 November — via Google Books.
Plant Cell Rep. Invest Agrar: Sist Recur For. IForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry. The leaves turn bright yellow in Autumn.
The wind-pollinated perfect apetalous flowers are borne on long pedicels in March and April before the leaves appear. Like the other North American species of elm, U.
Ulmus alata is rarely cultivated beyond its natural range. It remains in commercial production in the US, and is occasionally available in Europe. At the beginning of the 19th century, the tree was one of the three American elm species cultivated in ornamental plantations in Britain,  but is now rare there.
Several specimens are grown in New Zealand. Ulmus alata is of minimal commercial significance, its hard timber considered no more remarkable than that of other American elms, and of limited use because of the commonly small size of the trees.
However, owing to its resistance to splitting, it is used to make high-quality hockey sticks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Winged elm. Ulmus alata Leaves of U. Retrieved 12 April Fact Sheet ST Field Notes: Ulmus alata. American Nurseryman , page , 1 March The Forest Planter and Pruner's Assistant.
London: Ridgway. Auckland Botanical Society Journal. Auckland Botanical Society.Übersetzung für 'elm' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „elm“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: slippery elm. Übersetzung von elm – Englisch–Deutsch Wörterbuch. elm. noun. /elm/. ○. a kind of tall tree with tough wood and corrugated bark. die Ulme. [1, 2] smokycharly.site Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „elm“:  PONS Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „elm“: [1, 2] smokycharly.site Englisch-. Übersetzung für 'elm' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Rotulme f. Ulmensterben Bundesliga Net. Wir haben die Ulme im Garten gepflanzt. Ulme f. Ulme in nur drei Aktien Symbol zu töten. The caterpillars are quite common for example along shady woodland trails on the lower leaf surface of older nettles or elms at the end of August. Such tables, which can last for many years, are made from local woods pear, cherry, oak, beech, nut, elm and maplewhich have previously Beste Spielothek in Ruhstorf finden air-dried for several years. Vielen Dank! Sich jetzt anmelden.